K and G
K:(kid, talk, black)
Pronunciation, Lesson 26
The K and
are often studied as a pair because they are made
in the same part of the mouth. They are both stop consonants, but the K
sound is voiceless
and the G sound is
. Let's learn how to pronounce these two consonant
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How to pronounce the K and G sounds
The voiceless (unvoiced)
can be found in English words such as c
it, and ch
The voiced G
can be found in English words such as g
le, and dog
The G consonant can also make a softer j sound
that is found in words such
ermany and g
). We will study this sound in a later lesson.
Both of these sounds are called stop
. That means the air used to make these
sounds is stopped for a short time before it exits your mouth. Both of
these sounds are produced by stopping air in the back part of your
mouth. The back part of your tongue should touch the roof of your mouth
in the back to briefly stop the air. You release the air to make these
sounds. The force of the
air is stronger for the K sound than the G sound
. The G
sound is voiced
while the K sound is voiceless
Voiced and voiceless sounds
In the English language, we use many voiced sounds. That means
that the vocal cords
when you say that sound. The G sound
is a voiced
sound because the vocal cords vibrate when you make the sound.
The K sound
is a voiceless or unvoiced sound because the vocal
cords do not vibrate
when you make the sound. Instead, we
use air to make the sound.
In this video, Rachel from Rachel's English will show you how to
position your mouth to make
each of these sounds.
voiceless K sound
are six spellings of the K sound: k, ck, c, ch, x, qu/que.
(If C is followed by the letters E or
I, the word will usually be pronounced with an S
sound: city, face.)
The x spelling can be pronounced in two different ways:
spelling - These words are a challenge.
- K + S sound = fix,
fox, next, box
+ Z sound = example,
(The most common pronunciation for the ch spelling is the CH sound as
We will study this sound in a later lesson.)
In these words, the ch spelling is pronounced with a K sound.
spelling - These
words are more difficult.
The qu / que spelling is pronounced as
a K +
When the que spelling is at the end of the word it is pronounced as only a K sound.
voiced G sound
let's practice the voiced
. Remember, your vocal cords should vibrate when
you make this sound.
are three spellings of the G sound: g/gg, ng, gue.
The g spelling sometimes makes a
softer g or j sound like in Germany.
Words are pronounced with the softer j sound when the g spelling is
followed by e, i, or, y (giant,
gym, large). All other
spellings should be pronounced with the hard G sound you have learned about in this lesson.
You can learn more about the ng
pronunciation in this lesson: The
Nasal Sounds: M, N, and NG.
- These are
(note: The second g
is a j
When the gue spelling is at the end of
the word, it is usually pronounced as a G sound only.
Some words do not follow the rule.
When the gue spelling is in the middle or beginning of a word, it is
pronounced as a g + vowel sound.
You can use a dictionary
or online pronunciation guide to help you learn the correct
pronunciation of new vocabulary words.
practice the sounds side-by-side
Remember to voice the G sound
and use only air for the
Now say these sentences out loud.
The K sounds
are in blue
are in green
1) The dog
3) The big
in the k
4) The sch
for the qu
from the sink
6) Please be qu
so I c
you a qu
7) I think
8) The k
is in black
Remember to practice these two sounds together, so you can
learn their differences and say them correctly!
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Let's move on...
List of Lessons
Lesson 01: International
Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)
Lesson 02: Word
Stress and Syllables
Lesson 03: Long E
Lesson 04: Short I
Lesson 05: UH Sound
OO Sound (moon,
Lesson 07: Short E
sound (pen, bed)
Lesson 08: Schwa
Sound (the, about)
Lesson 09: UR Sound (turn, learn)
Lesson 10: OH Sound (four, store)
Lesson 11: Short A
Sound (cat, fat)
Lesson 12: UH Sound (but, luck)
Lesson 13: Soft A
Sound (arm, father)
Lesson 14: Long O
Lesson 15: Long A
Sound (say, pain, make)
Lesson 16: Short O
Sound (not, off, socks)
Lesson 17: Diphthong
(a combination of two vowel sounds)
Lesson 18: P Sound
(cup, punch, pull) and B sound (cub, bunch, bull)
Lesson 19: The Nasal
Sounds (M, N, NG)
Lesson 20: F Sound (four, lift, graph, tough) and V Sound (love, knives, grave, vine)
Lesson 21: W Sound (wow, quit, where)
Lesson 22: R Sound (red, sorry, write)
Lesson 23: H Sound (he, behind, who)
Lesson 24: T Sound (top, it, later) and D Sound (do, had, made)
Lesson 25: S Sound (sit, box, cats) and Z Sound (zip, buzz, boys)
Lesson 26: K Sound (kid, talk, black) and G Sound (go, big, dog)
Lesson 27: L Sound:
Light L & Dark L (tall,
Lesson 28: Y
Consonant Sound (yes,
Lesson 29: CH Sound (China, century, watch) and J Sound (Germany, educate , judge)
Lesson 30: TH
Consonant Sounds – voiced TH sound (the,
father, them) and voiceless
(unvoiced) TH sound (think,
Lesson 31: SH
(shop, chef, special) and ZH (usual, massage, Asia)
Lesson 32: T and TT Sounds (true T sound, D sound, stop sound, silent T)
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