English Helping Verbs Course

Lesson 15

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The online lesson with illustrations

Download lesson's summary, worksheet and answer sheet



Online Lesson 15

In the previous lessons we covered the three basic helping verbs in English:
be, do and have.

In this final lesson we will review all the different meanings.

In addition, you will get "summary tables" with all the key information.

The verb BE

Meaning

Example sentence

BE as a main verb

 

1. Exists

There is nothing in the fridge.

2. Happens

The party is tonight.

3. Shows location

He is at school.

4. Shows identity

She is Alexis and this is Bob.

5. Shows a quality or qualities

She is beautiful.

BE as a helping verb

 

1. Ongoing (continuing) actions

He is sleeping.

2. Shows that an action is passive

She is hit by the ball.

 

The verb DO

Meaning

Example sentence

DO as a main verb

 

1. To perform an action

You should do your job.

2. To make something

We do paintings.

DO as a helping verb

 

1. Negative sentences

They do not talk.

2. Questions

Do you need some help?

3. Question tags

You always sing together, don't you?

You don't sleep much, do you?

4. Avoiding repeating the verb again

They ski better than we do.

5. Emphasis

I do believe you!

 

The verb HAVE

Meaning

Example sentence

HAVE as a main verb

 

1. To own or hold

They have money.

2. Describes qualities, features, etc.

I have long hair.

3. Shows a relationship

You have a brother.

4. To experience something

I have a lot of fun.

5. To eat, drink or smoke something

They have small breakfast.

6. To do some action

I have long walks.

7. To receive something

I usually have many letters.

HAVE as a helping verb

 

1. Shows that an action or state is complete (finished).

We have won the match.

2. Shows that an action started in the past, and continued up until the present.

I have been walking for an hour.

3. Shows that something was happening lately

You have been eating a lot of ice cream lately.

 

BE, DO and HAVE in different tenses

Simple present

Be

Do

Have

Positive sentences

be

am

is

are

do

does

have

has

Negative sentences

not be

am not

is not / isn't

are not / aren't

do not / don't

does not / doesn't

do not have /
don't have

 

Simple past

Be

Do

Have

Positive sentences

was

were

did

had

Negative sentences

was not / wasn't

were not / weren't

did not / didn't

did not have /
didn't have

 

Simple future

Be

Do

Have

Positive sentences

will be

will do

will have

Negative sentences

will not be /
won’t be

will not do /
won't do

will not have /
won't have

 

Present progressive

Be

Do

Have

Positive sentences

am being

is being

are being

am doing

is doing

are doing

am having

is having

are having

Negative sentences

am not being

is not being /
isn't being

are not being /
aren't being

am not doing

is not doing /
isn't doing

are not doing /
aren't doing

am not having

is not having /
isn't having

are not having /
aren't having



 

Past progressive

Be

Do

Have

Positive sentences

was being

were being

was doing

were doing

was having

were having

Negative sentences

was not being / wasn't being

were not being / weren't
being

was not doing /
wasn't doing

were not doing /
weren't doing

was not having /
wasn't having

were not having /
weren't having

 

Future progressive

Be

Do

Have

Positive sentences

will be being

will be doing

will be having


Negative sentences

will not be being

will not be doing

will not be having

Present perfect

Be

Do

Have

Positive sentences

have been

has been

have done

has done

have had

has had

Negative sentences

have not been / haven't been

has not been /
hasn't been

have not done / haven't done

has not done /
hasn't done

have not had /
haven't had

has not had /
hasn't had

 

Past perfect

Be

Do

Have

Positive sentences

had been

had done

 

had had

 

Negative sentences

had not been /
hadn't been

had not done /
hadn't done

had not had /
hadn't had

 

Future perfect

Be

Do

Have

Positive sentences

will have been

will have done

 

will have had

 

Negative sentences

will not have been / won't have been

will not have done / won't have done

will not have had / won't have had

 

Present perfect progressive

Be

Do

Have

Positive sentences

have been being

has been being

have been doing

has been doing

have been doing

has been doing

Negative sentences

have not been being / haven't been being

has not been being / hasn't been being

have not been doing / haven't been doing

has not been doing / hasn't been doing

have not been having / haven't been having

has not been having / hasn't been having

 

Past perfect progressive

Be

Do

Have

Positive sentences

had been being

had been doing

had been having

Negative sentences

had not been being / hadn't been being

had not been doing / hadn't been doing

had not been having / hadn't been having

 

Future perfect progressive

Be

Do

Have

Positive sentences

will have been being

will have been doing

will have been having

Negative sentences

will not have been being / won't have been being

will not have been doing / won't have been doing

will not have been having / won't have been having

 

English Helping Verbs Course –
Final Words

Thank you for taking part in this series of lessons.

We hope you and your students have found it useful.

If you liked this course, please recommend it to others.
You can refer them to this webpage:

http://www.really-learn-english.com/teaching-helping-verbs.html

 

In addition, we would be happy to get your feedback so we can further improve the course.

Please share your feedback at:

http://www.really-learn-english.com/contact-us.html

 

Finally, for additional products by Really Learn English please visit:

http://www.really-learn-english.com/esl-ebooks.html

 

Note that at the bottom of that page there is a form you can fill out to request new products.

 

Thank you for sticking out thus far and we wish you all the best!
Ola Zur and the Really Learn English Team


English Helping Verbs Course,
lesson 15 download

Download instructions for lesson 15 of the English Helping Verbs Course:

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Inside you will find lesson's summary, worksheet and answer sheet.

Download lesson 15 summary, worksheet and answer sheet

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