Vocabulary Lesson Plans
vocabulary lesson plans
is key to helping your students
improve. Increasing vocabulary is important to learning a language, as
anyone can communicate if they know enough words, even if their grammar
isn’t great. If they don’t know the words they can’t do anything.
Click Here for Step-by-Step Rules, Stories and Exercises to Practice All English Tenses
So how do I write good vocabulary lesson plans?
Well, here are some key points to help you.
1. Have a theme.
Students won’t remember random words so teach new vocabulary in groups.
For example personality adjectives, weather words, clothing, words
connected with travel, etc.
2. Give a context.
It is usually quite ineffective to simply let students try and work out
meaning from context. But seeing or hearing words in context will help
them remember. So for example you can pick out words from a reading
text and get them to look them up in a dictionary and make their own
sentences using these words.
3. Repetition repetition repetition!
If you see or hear a word once, will you remember it? It isn’t likely
is it? Use the words more than once and present them in different ways.
Students have different learning styles – some will remember from
reading a word, others will remember from hearing it. Others will need
to use it to remember the word. So try and give them plenty of
opportunity to read or hear the words.
4. Use it, don’t lose it!
If the students use the word, producing it in their own sentences, they
are much more likely to remember it. Let them use the new vocabulary in
written texts, role plays or presentations. Make sure they use the new
words and don’t stick to old, ‘safe’ words they know. It’s important to
get them to make sentences that show they understand the meaning. For
example if you’ve taught ‘stormy’, the sentence ‘It is stormy,’ does
not show understanding. A sentence like, "We didn't go out because of
the stormy weather," would probably be much better. Push the students
to do the best they can and don’t let them get lazy.
5. Opposites attract.
That may not always be true but if you are teaching adjectives, it
makes sense to teach them in pairs as students will be more likely to
remember them that way.
6. Make it fun.
Make it fun. Vocabulary
teaching is a great opportunity to get some games into the classroom.
Many teachers resort to Hangman as a filler at the end of the lesson
but it isn’t much fun, can be culturally insensitive, and doesn’t
really help learning all that much. Pairs matching/memory games work
well with vocabulary and there are a load of games you can make more
interesting by setting up teams and letting them compete against each
7. Recap and reinforce.
Don’t teach vocabulary in one lesson then forget it. Always have an
activity in the next lesson to reinforce the learning.
8. Show and tell.
Of course you can tell your students new words, but you may need to
show them how to learn them. Let them see different techniques of
organizing vocabulary notebooks – mind maps, lists, translations,
sentences, etc, and encourage them to look up new words they encounter.
If you follow these tips when you are writing vocabulary lesson plans,
then your lessons should become more effective and more enjoyable.