English Reading Practice
Germany is a country in western Europe.
People have lived in the land that we now call Germany since before 100
AD. Today, although many people from many different countries and
religions live in Germany, the dominant religion in Germany is
Christianity. "Dominant" means strongest. Christianity arrived slowly
in Germany but by 1100 AD, most people in Germany were Christian.
Many of the national holidays celebrated in Germany are Christian
holidays. One of the most important holidays celebrated is Christmas.
Christmas is celebrated for almost a month with many smaller holidays
observed during that time. "Observed" means celebrated.
One of the most visible ways that the Germans celebrate Christmas is
with their Christmas Markets.
Christmas markets are special events that take place during the four
weeks leading up to Christmas. Each market is set up in a central
square or location and has a number of different stalls. A "stall" is a
little building from which items can be sold. The square and the stalls
have many lights and often have music playing. It is a very festive
atmosphere. "Festive" means happy.
When at the Christmas market, people can just stroll along the stalls
and look at what is for sale. "Stroll" means to walk slowly. They can
drink hot wine that is made at the market and is a traditional drink
Often, people will buy some of the items as Christmas gifts for
their family or friends. The stalls sell wooden toys, dolls, candles,
and Christmas ornaments.
There are also stalls that sell special foods associated with Christmas
like roasted chestnuts (a kind of nut) and special holiday cookies and
Some of the Christmas markets in Germany are very old and very well
known. The Christmas market in Frankfurt is one of the oldest Christmas
markets in the country. It is over 600 years old.
Christmas market has over 200 stalls that sell many different kinds of
toys, art, and food. There is a very large Christmas tree in the center
of the market, which is held in one of the very traditional squares in
the city. Throughout the Christmas season, many concerts are held at
Another famous Christmas market in Germany is the one in Nuremberg.
This market is well-known for its Children's Christmas market. In
addition to the nearly 200 stalls at the market, there are also rides
for the children. These rides include a carousel (a ride with horses
that goes in a circle) and a train.
This is also one of the most traditional markets in Germany. Many of
the stalls are made of wood and the goods sold at the market are all
very classic and traditional. There are few modern items to buy.
Germany is a beautiful country with many interesting traditions. One of
the most classic and fun to see in person, however, is the Christmas
market. Nearly every town in Germany has a Christmas market. Some are
big and some are small. All are worth visiting.
And now, practice:
Germany - Exercises
1. What does "observed" mean?
c) thought about
2. What does "festive" mean?
3. What does "stroll" mean?
a) walk quickly
c) walk slowly
d) stay still
1. One of _________ most visible ways that _________ Germans celebrate
Christmas is with their Christmas Markets.
2. The square and the stalls _________ many lights and often have music
d) will have
3. Some of the Christmas markets _________ Germany are very old and
very well known.
1. When are the Christmas markets held in Germany?
2. What can you buy at the Christmas markets?
3. What is the Christmas market in Nuremburg well-known for?