Spelling Rules for Adding "s"


Introduction

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Vowel = a sound we make when the breath flows out through the mouth freely, without being blocked. The English letters a, e, i, o, u are called vowels, because they represent such sounds.

Consonant = a sound we make that is not a vowel. The breath is somehow blocked on its way out of the mouth. For example, the sound b is made when breath flow is stopped with the lips. All the other English letters which are not vowels are called consonants. These are: b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r,s, t, v, w, x, y, z. 



Some verbs change their spelling when the letter "s" is added to them.

Verbs Ending with "s", "ch", "sh", "x" or "z"

When a verb ends with s, ch, sh, x or z, we add the letter e, and then we add the letter s.

In the following examples the part before the letter s is in purple, and the letters es are in red.

miss => miss + es => misses
kiss => kiss es => kisses
watch => watch es => watches
teach => teach es => teaches
wash => wash es => washes
push => push es => pushes
mix => mix es => mixes
fix => fix es => fixes
buzz => buzz es => buzzes


Verbs Ending with "o"

When a verb ends with o, we add the letter e, and then we add the letter s.

In the following examples the letter o is in purple, and the letters es are inred.

go => go es => goes
do => do es => does

Verbs Ending with "y"

When a verb ends with y, and there is a consonant before it, the y changes intoie. Then the letter s is added.

In the following examples the consonant is in blue, the part before the letter sis in green, and the letter s is in red.

fly => flie + s => flies
try => trie + s => tries
cry => crie + s => cries
study => studie + s => studies

When a verb ends with y, and there is a vowel before it, we simply add the letter s to the verb.

In the following examples the vowel is in orange, the part before the letter sis in green, and the letter s is in red.

buy => buy s => buys
say => say s => says
pay => pay s => pays
play => play s => plays
enjoy => enjoy s => enjoys



So these were the spelling rules for adding "s" in the Simple Present.

Got it? Good! Let's practice it…


For spelling rules on other subject visit the Spelling Rules page.

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