Two words in English that are often confused by learners are adverse and averse. They are easy to mix up since there is only a one letter difference between the two words, and they also sound almost the same.
It is very important that you know which is which though, because their meanings are not the same. One means to really dislike something, while the other means that something is difficult or challenging. The definitions are even a little similar, but the difference is very important!
Let's go over each word and take a look at some examples to help you get a better idea of when to use adverse or averse.
The first word to know is adverse, which is always an adjective.
Adverse has basically two definitions, so it should not be too hard to remember. It can mean that something makes things more difficult for you, or is in the way of what you want.
It can also just mean that something is opposite to another thing.
Let's go through some specific examples so that you can get a better idea of when you can use adverse in a sentence.
Averse means that you strongly dislike or are against something.
This word is often written or said along with the preposition "to." You would say that you are "averse to" something. It is also alright to say "averse from," but this is not said very much anymore.
Now let's see some specific examples of averse used in sentences!
So now that you know that adverse means that something is difficult or is an obstacle to your success, and that averse means that you really do not like something.
Since each one only has one definition, it should be pretty easy to remember which one is which, but since the two words sound so much alike and are almost spelled the same, here's another tip you can use to tell the difference.
Adverse is spelled just like averse except that it has a "d" in it after the "a." If you are having trouble remembering, just think that ad, like at the beginning of adverse, sounds like add, and if something is adverse then it adds difficulty and makes things harder.
Now if you ever have trouble figuring out which is which, just remember that little trick and you should have no problem!
I walk to school on a very stormy day. It is hard to walk down the street because of adverse winds blowing me backward the whole time. I feel averse to this bad weather because it makes me late to school. I get to class and the teacher says she is averse to me coming in late. I tell her of the adverse conditions that I had to deal with in order to get to school, but she is also averse to listening and sends me to the principal.
The principal says that coming to school late is adversely impacting my grades and that he is not averse to giving me detention. I am averse to detention though, because it is adverse to my plan to go to the movies with my friends after school!
Answer the following 10 questions and then check your answers. Each question is worth 10 points.
Part 1: 1. B | 2. C | 3. A | 4. C
Part 2: 1. D | 2. A | 3. B | 4. D | 5. C | 6. A