Essential Business Administration Vocabulary Terms

English Vocabulary Lesson

Knowing business administration vocabulary terms will help you understand the business system and business operations. It is important to stay up-to-date with business terms so that you can communicate effectively with business professionals. Here are the most common business administration terms you need to know.
business administration vocabulary terms

Whether you are a student, a professional, or a business owner, it is important to know the vocabulary of business administration. This lesson will teach you the essential terms you need to know to communicate effectively in the business world.

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Business Management Vocabulary Terms

Organizational Structure: This term refers to the way a business is organized and managed. It includes the hierarchy of positions, responsibilities, and authority.
For example, in a business with an organizational structure, there is usually a CEO or President at the top. Underneath them are middle managers and other employees who have specific roles and responsibilities within the business.

Let's say Marco founds a catering business and decides to be the CEO. He will then hire other employees for different positions like catering waiters, cooks, and delivery personnel. These employees will all have different roles to help Marco run his business efficiently. As the company grows, the organizational structure will grow as well. Marco may decide to add additional departments such as marketing, accounting, and customer service.

Human Resources:
Human Resources (HR in short) is the department within a business responsible for managing employees. It includes hiring, training, and development of employees.

Let's have a look at an example. Marco's HR team is responsible for recruiting and training new employees. They will also be in charge of employee benefits, such as health insurance or vacation days. Lucia, the HR manager, has been tasked with finding and hiring a new delivery person for the business. She posts an ad, receives applications, and then interviews potential candidates. Once she finds a qualified candidate, she creates an offer letter with the details of the job and salary. The candidate accepts the offer and Lucia then follows up to make sure they get all their onboarding paperwork completed.

Marketing is the process of promoting and selling products or services. It includes activities such as advertising, public relations, and sales.

Let's say Marco wants to promote his catering business. He could use various marketing strategies, such as creating a website, running ads on social media, or hiring a public relations team to manage his business's reputation. He could also use sales tactics to attract customers, such as offering discounts or loyalty programs.

This business term refers to the day-to-day activities and processes involved in running a business.

For example, Marco's business operations team is responsible for the production of his catering business. They make sure the food is being cooked correctly and delivered on time. They are also responsible for the business's inventory, ensuring that there are enough ingredients on hand for each order.

Finance is the management of a company's money, including its income, expenses, and investments.

Marco's business needs to be profitable in order to succeed, so he must manage his business's finances correctly. He and his finance team will create budgets to track business expenses and monitor cash flow. They will also analyze business performance data in order to make informed financial decisions.

For example, in the month of January, Marco and his finance team look at the business's expenses. They notice that one of the business's biggest expenses is its food costs. The team decides to explore other vendors in order to reduce their costs. After finding a better supplier, they are able to reduce the business's food costs by 10%.

Strategic Planning:
Strategic planning is figuring out what you want your business to achieve and coming up with a plan to make it happen. It includes setting business objectives, analyzing the business environment, and developing a strategy to reach those objectives.

For example, Marco decides that his business's goal is to become the biggest catering business in the city. He and his team analyze the current business environment to determine how to reach that goal. They find out that the current competition is fierce and decide to focus on customer service in order to stand out. They create a business plan outlining their strategy, and then begin implementing it.

Along the way, they find out that they need to invest in better technology in order to provide timely service. In addition, they decide to focus their marketing efforts on customer reviews and word-of-mouth. These decisions help Marco and his business achieve their goal of becoming the biggest catering business in the city.

Business Development:
Business development is finding new ways to make your business grow. This can include expanding to new locations or offering new products and services. It involves analyzing business trends, looking for new markets, and establishing business relationships.

For example, Marco wants to expand his business beyond catering in order to increase profitability. He and his business development team look for new business opportunities in other industries, such as food delivery. After researching the market and establishing business relationships with potential partners, they launch a food delivery business.

Corporate Governance:
Corporate governance is the systems, processes, and policies that a business uses to make decisions and manage itself. It includes setting business objectives, developing business policies, and monitoring performance.

For example, Marco develops business policies that outline how employees should conduct business and interact with customers. He also creates performance metrics that are used to measure business success, such as customer satisfaction ratings and financial returns. These policies and metrics help him monitor business performance and set business objectives.

Leadership is when you help a group of people work together to achieve something they all want. It involves inspiring and motivating people, setting business objectives, solving business problems, and making decisions.

For example, Marco leads his business by providing clear direction and setting high expectations for himself and his employees. He motivates his team to reach business goals by recognizing individual accomplishments and rewarding collective successes. He also solves business problems by utilizing the strengths and resources of his team.

Entrepreneurship is the process of starting and running a new business. This includes coming up with a new idea, making a plan, and putting that plan into action. It involves taking risks, setting business objectives, and finding ways to make money.

For example, Marco starts a catering business from scratch. He identifies a need in the marketplace and develops an idea to fill that need. He creates business plans, secures financing, hires employees, and begins working on the business. He finds ways to market his business and generates revenue by providing quality services.

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