Common Insurance Terms and Definitions
(Explained in Simple English)

English Vocabulary Lessons

This section will help English learners gain a better understanding of insurance terms and definitions. By learning insurance-related vocabulary, English learners can become more confident when discussing insurance or working in insurance-related fields.

Key insurance concepts and terms will be explained in simple and easy-to-understand language.
Common Insurance Terms and Definitions (Explained in Simple English) - A Vocabulary Lesson for English Learners

Lesson Table of Contents

1) What Is Insurance?

What Is Insurance?

Insurance is a type of agreement between insurance companies and those they insure (the insured). With insurance, the insurance company agrees to provide financial protection to the insured in exchange for a periodic premium payment. Insurance provides protection against risks, such as damage to property and financial loss due to accidents or tragedy.

Common General Insurance Terms

Beneficiary: the person designated by insurance policyholders to receive insurance payouts in the event of their death.

Claim: a request for payment made by insurance companies to those they insure.

Insurance coverage: the specific risks that are covered by an insurance policy. For example, property insurance may cover damages to a house caused by fire, theft, or weather events.

Deductible: the amount of money that must be paid out-of-pocket by the insured before insurance coverage kicks in.

Endorsements: additions or changes to insurance policies that change the terms of coverage.

Exclusions: risks or losses that are not covered by insurance policies.

Grace period: a period of time during which insurance coverage is still in effect despite not having paid the insurance premium.

Policy: a document that outlines the insurance coverage and terms of agreement between insurance companies and the insured.

Policy limits: the maximum amount of money that an insurance company will pay for a claim.

Premium: the periodic payment made to insurance companies for insurance coverage.

Rider: an insurance policy addition or amendment.

Underwriting: the process of evaluating insurance applicants to determine insurance eligibility and the associated insurance premiums.

Types of Insurance

Insurance comes in many forms, each type providing protection against different risks. The most common types of insurance are property insurance, liability insurance, health insurance, and travel insurance.

Property Insurance

Property insurance provides protection for losses or damage to the insured's home or other property. Property insurance typically includes coverage for risks such as fire, theft, and vandalism.

Liability Insurance

Liability insurance protects you if someone gets hurt or their property gets damaged because of something you did or didn't do. Common types of liability insurance include auto insurance, umbrella insurance, and professional liability insurance.
Auto insurance (also known as car insurance) helps protect you financially if there is an accident with your car.

Umbrella insurance provides additional insurance coverage for accidents and injuries that exceed the limits of your other insurance policies. For example, If you are in a car accident and the other driver's medical bills are more than your car insurance policy limit, your umbrella insurance policy can provide coverage.

Professional liability insurance (also known as errors and omissions insurance or E&O insurance) can help protect you from financial losses if you are sued for professional errors.

Health Insurance

Health insurance is insurance that covers medical expenses. Health insurance typically covers the cost of visits to doctors, hospitals, and other health care providers.

Travel Insurance

Travel insurance provides protection against certain risks associated with travel. For example, it may cover the cost of lost luggage, travel delays, and medical emergencies that occur while traveling.

List of Insurance Vocabulary Lessons

Disclaimer: This English vocabulary lesson is for informational and educational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice.

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