See Israel, the Holy Land, Part 1
Did you know that Israel has the highest ratio of museums per person in the entire world? This small country has so many important buildings and monuments, and dozens of wonderful natural places. Seeing all of them would take ages!
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Despite its name, the Dead Sea is a lake, one of the saltiest bodies of water in the world. Because it is has 10 times more salt than the ocean, the Dead Sea is a really harsh environment for any living organism – in fact, no plants or animals flourish in this lake, which is why it is called "Dead".
The salinity and water density also make it impossible to swim in the lake. Instead, visitors can enjoy floating, and even reading while in the water.
The lake holds another world record – being located 1,412 feet (430.5 meters) below sea level, which is the lowest place on land.
The wonders of the Dead Sea have been known to humans for thousands of years. For a long time, essential minerals needed for fertilization of the land, and for health purposes have been supplied from the Dead Sea.
The Hanging Gardens of Haifa, or the Terraces of the Bahá'í Faith, is a complex of several garden terraces surrounding the Shrine of the Báb in the city of Haifa.
The terraces represent the first eighteen followers of the Báb, the founder of Bábism, a small religion started in 1844. Together with the terrace of the Shrine, the total number of terraces is nineteen, a significant number for this religion.
The terraces stretch for 0.6 miles (1 km) from the base of Mount Caramel to the summit, where the Shrine of the Báb awaits. The Shrine is important because the Báb was buried there. No religious services take place in the shrine. Visitors can come in for a quiet prayer or meditation.
Israel has access to the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. Eilat is the southernmost city in the country, and the only port on the Red Sea. The coast is so short that it is possible to walk to Jordan or Egypt in one day.
Records show that Eilat was profitable for mining even during the ancient Egyptian empire.
On average, Eilat has 360 sunny days in a year, which makes it a popular beach location all year round. The most beloved attraction is the colorful coral reef, rich in marine life.
Those who are not adventurous enough to go diving can observe dolphins from a nearby research station, or visit the Coral World Underwater Observatory, the largest public aquarium in the region.
At the foot of Mount Hermon lies the source of the Banias River, protected in a nature reserve.
The spring located in this nature reserve was once associated with Pan, the Greek god of the wild. There are still remnants of a shrine and an ancient city built by the Greeks.
In addition, the biggest waterfall in Israel is also located there. The nature reserve is made up of two separate parks – the Banias Falls Park, with a trail that leads directly to the waterfall, and the Banias Springs Park, where top attractions include Pan's Cave and the Hermon stream.
Visitors can visit the nature reserve by hiking on one of the four trails, the longest one taking only 90 minutes.
Located in northern Israel, Nazareth is home to a mixed Muslim and Christian population. Historically, the city has been best known as the place where Jesus Christ and his mother Mary lived.
Consequently, many sites important for Jesus' childhood and the early years of his teaching are located in Nazareth and are seen as highly holy places. For example, the Synagogue Church is believed to be the synagogue where Jesus was taught as a child.
Another very important building in Nazareth is the Church of Annunciation. This large Catholic church was built on the site where an angel called Gabriel announced to Mary that she was going to give birth to Jesus. Visitors are also drawn to several Muslim places of worship, such as the White Mosque, the oldest mosque in the city.
See Israel, the Holy Land, Part 1
1. B | 2. A | 3. C | 4. A | 5. C | 6. B | 7. A | 8. C | 9. B | 10. A | 11. C | 12. B | 13. A | 14. B | 15. C | 16. A | 17. B | 18. C | 19. A | 20. C |21. A | 22. A | 23. B | 24. A
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