English Reading Practice
Algeria is a country located in North Africa. It borders
Morocco, Tunisia, and Libya. The northern most part of Algeria is on
the Mediterranean Sea.
Algeria has a very long history with many different ethnic groups. Many
of these groups have lived in Algeria for thousands of years. In fact,
Algeria has one of the longest known histories in the world. There is
that show something
) of people living in Algeria up to
10,000 years ago.
Much of this evidence can be found at a place called Tassili n'Ajjer.
Tassili n'Ajjer is a place located in the southeastern part of Algeria.
Is it is a very large place that is 72,000 square kilometers in area.
It is in the desert so is very dry. It also has many large rocks and
mountains. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. UNESCO stands for United
Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization. This means
that this place
protected by the United
In 1933, archeologists (scientists who study history) who were
exploring (looking at) Tassili n'Ajjer found something very special.
They found cave paintings and drawings. A "cave" is a hole in a
mountain or large rock.
People who had lived at Tassili n'Ajjer many
years ago painted these paintings. They tell the stories of the history
of the area and the people who lived there.
The paintings and drawings show pictures of three different topics: the
change in the weather or climate of the area, the movement of the
animals, and the evolution (change) of humans who lived there.
archeologists can look at the paintings and understand what Tassili
n'Ajjer looked like 8000 years ago. They can also understand what
animals lived there and what the people who lived there ate and looked
So far, archeologists have identified 15,000 paintings and drawings.
They have discovered (found out) that these pictures were drawn during
five different time periods.
They can tell when a picture was drawn by what is
shown in the picture. For example, many of the pictures were drawn or
painted from 4000 – 1500 BCE.
These pictures show lots of cows and
pictures of the humans' everyday lives. Other pictures show camels and
lots of desert. These paintings were done later, around 0 - 1000 CE.
What these pictures tell us is that when cows lived in the area, from
4000-1500 BCE, there must have been a lot of water there. Cows need
water to drink and grass to eat.
However, camels do not need grass or
very much water. They like to live in the desert. This means that when
the pictures of camels were painted, between 0 - 1000 CE there was no
more water or grass.
Tassili n'Ajjer had become a desert sometime during those 5000
Because these paintings are so important to history, they are being
very well protected. The Algerian government as well as the United
Nations takes care of them. Scientists are also doing research to learn
how they can protect the paintings from the weather and the heat. It is
important to preserve (save) the beautiful images so that we can all
learn about our history from them.
And now, practice:
Algeria - Exercises
1. What does "evidence" mean?
that show something
2. What does "archeologist" mean?
scientists who studies art
scientists who studies music
scientists who studies history
a scientists who studies plants
3. What does "evolution" mean?
a) stay the same
a) change over time
1. Tassili n'Ajjer is _________ UNESCO World Heritage Site. This means
that it is protected by _________ United Nations.
2. People who _________ at Tassili n'Ajjer many years ago painted these
c) had lived
d) will live
3. What these pictures tell us is that when cows lived _________ the
area, there must have been a lot of water there
1. How long have people lived in Algeria?
2. What was found at Tassili n'Ajjer?
3. Why is it important to protect Tassili n'Ajjer?