English Reading Practice
Australia is a country in the south Pacific Ocean. It is
one of the seven continents of the world. A "continent" is a very large
piece of land. Australia is the world's sixth largest country and is
nicknamed the world's largest island.
Australia has many different types of climates. There are rain forests
(areas with trees and lots of rain), mountains, and grasslands. Most of
Australia, however, is desert.
While desert is the primary climate on land, the ocean climate is quite
the opposite. Just off the coast of Eastern Australia lies one of the
most impressive and beautiful wonders of the world: the Great Barrier
The Great Barrier Reef
The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef. "Coral" is a
kind of animal that lives in the sea that looks like a plant. A "coral
reef" is a group of coral that are connected together to form a wall.
The Great Barrier Reef is 1600 miles long and can be seen from space.
It is home to approximately 900 islands, many of which can be visited
or lived on.
Coral reefs provide shelters for marine (sea) animals. A "shelter" is a
protected area or home. The Great Barrier Reef is home to an incredible
number of marine plants and animals. The reef is home to over 1500
different kinds of fish alone. One of the most well-known kind of fish
that lives on the reef is the clownfish.
In addition to fish, many ocean mammals live in the Great Barrier Reef.
A "mammal" is a kind of animal that doesn't lay eggs. Humans are
mammals. Some of the mammals that live on the reef are dolphins and
There are also six different kinds of turtles that live on the reef,
making it one of the most important breeding grounds for turtles. A
"breeding ground" is a place where animals get together to have babies
or lay eggs.
The reef is also home to over 200 different species of birds. "Species"
is a scientific word for kind or type. Some of these birds are sea
birds, which means that they live in the ocean, and some are
shorebirds, which means that they live on the land.
Many of the fish, animals, plants, and birds that live on the Great
Barrier Reef are endemic to the reef. "Endemic" means that that is the
only place that they live. This means that the reef is a very important
place that is important to protect. As long as the reef is healthy,
life can flourish. "Flourish" means get bigger and be happy.
Australia understands the importance of the Great Barrier Reef and has
implemented (put in place) many programs to protect the reef. Much of
the reef is a national park, which means that fishing, tourism, and
other activities are monitored (watched). There are also many research
programs going on to help scientists understand the reef and how to
take care of it. These programs allow not only Australia but the whole
world to appreciate and protect this beautiful natural wonder.
And now, practice:
Australia - Exercises
1. What does "marine" mean?
2. What does "species" mean?
3. What does "monitored" mean?
a) put in place
b) got bigger
1. The Great Barrier Reef is _________ world's largest coral reef.
2. Coral reefs _________ shelters for marine animals.
c) has provided
d) will provide
3. There are also six different kinds of turtles that live _________
1. How long is the Great Barrier Reef?
2. How many kinds of fish live on the Great Barrier Reef?
3. What activities are being limited on the Great Barrier Reef?
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