English Reading Practice
Iraq is a country in the Middle East.
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It sits in an area that used to be called Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia is also called the "Cradle of Civilization." A cradle
is a baby's
bed. This expression means that it is the place where all the cultures
of today were born!
People have lived in this area for over 5000 years.
Many important inventions were born in Mesopotamia, now called Iraq. An
"invention" is a new thing that a person makes that has never been made
Some of these inventions were the wheel
Many different cultures and people have lived in Iraq. The people of
Iraq today are called Iraqis. Most Iraqis are Arabs and most are
Being Arab and Muslim have influenced the culture in Iraq and the
traditions of the Iraqi people.
One of the most important traditions is the wedding ceremony of two
people. This is a special occasion when family, friends, and neighbors
come together to celebrate love and the lives of young people.
Weddings in Iraq
When a man and woman want to get married, the man must ask the woman's
family for permission.
If the woman's family says yes, then the man's family will give a dowry
to the woman's family. A "dowry" is a present given from a man's family
to a woman's family when they are going to be married. The dowry often
has jewelry or gold in it.
Once a man and a women are engaged
(promised to be married), there are many celebrations.
There is a special celebration for the bride
getting married) with all her female friends and relatives. At this
celebration, the bride's hands are decorated with a special paint
called henna. This decoration brings luck to the bride and to her
(the man getting married) has a celebration with all the men in his
family and the men in the bride's family. At this celebration, the men
become friends and learn about each other.
On the day of the wedding, the bride wears a white dress. Sometimes,
she will wear four different dresses during her wedding day. The groom
picks the bride up at her family's house and they go to the mosque
(Muslim religious building) to be married. Their friends and family
follow them to the mosque.
After the marriage ceremony at the mosque, there is a large wedding
party where there is a lot of food and traditional and modern music is
Weddings are such happy celebrations in Iraq that often there are over
one hundred people at the wedding ceremony and wedding party. Iraqi
weddings are beautiful and happy traditions for the bride, groom, their
family, friends, and neighbors.
And now, practice:
Iraq - Exercises
1. What does "dowry" mean?
a) something that someone
b) a present from a man's family to a woman's family for marriage
c) a present from a woman's family to a man's family for marriage
d) a promise to be married
2. What is a "bride"?
a) a man who is getting
b) the father of a woman who is getting married
c) a woman who is getting married
d) the mother of a man who is getting married
3. What is a "mosque"?
a) a Muslim religious
b) a kind of wedding party
c) a kind of present given at a wedding
d) a government building
1. Iraq _____ a country in the Middle East.
b) was c) had been d) will be
2. Many different cultures and people have lived _____ Iraq.
a) by b)
at c) on d) in
3. People _______________ in this area for over 5000 years.
a) live b)
lived c) have lived d) will live
1. What is Iraq/Mesopotamia also called?
2. Why does a bride have henna painted on her hands?
3. How many people often are at a wedding ceremony and party?