English Reading Practice
is an island
in the northwest of Europe.
It is known for its beautiful
green countryside, which is why it is sometimes called "the Emerald
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It is also often called Eire, which means Ireland in Gaelic, the
ancient language of the Irish people.
Today, all Irish people speak
English and only a few speak Gaelic as well.
The origins of Ireland
Many people have lived in Ireland over its history. The native people
of Ireland are called the Celts. Romans, Normans (people from France),
and English people have also lived in Ireland.
Today, many Irish have
ancestors who were Roman, Norman, or English. "Ancestor" means someone
in your family like a parent, grandparent, or great-grandparent.
Ireland was one country until 1921, when it split into two separate
countries: Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Northern
Ireland is a part of Great Britain.
The Republic of Ireland is its own
country. The capital of Northern Ireland is Belfast. The capital of the
Republic of Ireland is Dublin.
and climate of Ireland
Ireland has many different kinds of geography including mountains,
beaches, lakes, rivers, and plains. "Plains" are large flat areas that
often have lots of grass. Because of its location in the northern part
of Europe and its geography, it rarely gets very hot or very cold in
It rains often, which is one of the reasons that the landscape
in Ireland is so green. This rain also helps the many farmers who live
in Ireland. They need the rain to grow their crops, including potatoes,
cabbage, barley, apples, and berries.
Ireland has a rich culture. Music and dancing are very important parts
of Irish culture. Irish dance is a kind of step dance that is performed
around the world.
In Ireland, many towns hold traditional dances called
the ceili townspeople spend the evening dancing traditional
dances and talking with each other.
Traditional Irish music is played
at the ceilis as well as at festivals and other gatherings throughout
Ireland. The fiddle is often used in traditional Irish songs, which
tell the stories of Ireland’s history and people.
Famous people of
Ireland has produced many influential artists, writers, and musicians
who are known worldwide.
One of the most famous Irish writers is James
Joyce. He lived from 1882-1941 and wrote many novels that have been
printed in languages all over the world. His most famous novel is
called "Dubliners." A "novel" is a book.
One of the most famous bands
to come out of Ireland is U2. U2 has four members and has produced 12
albums since 1980. Their music is loved around the world.
actors come from Ireland including Daniel Day Lewis and Liam Neeson.
Irish contributions to society
The Irish culture and people have contributed a lot to society. The
greatest contributions have been to the arts. Irish music, dance,
poems, novels are enjoyed by people all over the world.
And now, practice:
Ireland - Exercises
1. What color is "emerald"?
2. Which person would be an "ancestor"?
3. What is a good way to describe "plains"?
a) A large, flat area
b) A desert
a) An area of mountains
b) An ocean
Change the following sentences into the past tense
1. Farmers need rain to grow their crops.
2. Traditional Irish music is played at ceilis.
3. All Irish people speak English.
1. What is the ancient language of the Irish people called?
2. What is one crop that is grown in Ireland?
3. What is the name of a famous Irish author?
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