English Reading Practice
Pakistan is a country in Asia that is between India
It also borders China
"Border" means that it sits next to that country.
is a Muslim country that has almost 200 million people. The official
language of Pakistan is called Urdu, but many people also speak other
languages including English.
The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad. Pakistan is one of the oldest
countries in the world.
History of Pakistan
is located in an area of Asia called the Indus Valley. It is
believed to be over 5000 years old. There have been many different
people who have lived in the area over its history. This includes
Persians, Greeks, Arabs, Afghans, and Turks.
The Arabs who
travelled to Pakistan brought with them their religion, Islam, which is
still today the official religion of the country.
In the 16th
to 17th centuries, Pakistan was ruled by a government called the Mughal
Empire. After that, the British Empire ruled the area including
Pakistan's neighbor, India. Pakistan has been an independent country
Today, it is called the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and is ruled by a
President and Prime Minister.
Culture of Pakistan
Thanks to the many different people who have lived in Pakistan over its
history, Pakistan has a rich culture still today.
there are many different ethnic groups that live in Pakistan. An
"ethnic group" is a group of people that has their own history,
clothing, food, language, and religion.
In addition to
the different ethnic groups, the culture of Islam has greatly
influenced Pakistani culture. Pakistan is home to many Islamic
centers but also has many temples and buildings from other
national clothings were influenced by the Persians and Mughal Empire of
the 16th century. The Shalwar Qameez is a tunic (a long shirt) with a
pair of pants. Both men and women wear this outfit. Men's clothes are
usually only one color with little decoration. Women wear very colorful
and decorated Shalwar Qameez.
Summer clothing is made of cotton to keep cool. Winter clothing is made
of wool for warmth.
Festivals of Pakistan
celebrates many festivals throughout the year. A "festival" is a large
celebration. Many of these festivals are religious but there are some
national festivals as well.
For Muslim Pakistanis, Ramadan is
an important festival. Ramadan is believed by Muslims to be the holiest
month in the Islamic calendar. Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset and
attend mosque. A "mosque" is a religious building for Muslims.
is celebrated at the end of Ramadan. During the day, people visit their
families, give gifts to each other and to charity, and relax.
Pakistani Christians celebrate Christmas on the 24th and 25th of
Pakistani Hindus celebrate Holi, which is a festival of colors that
usually occurs in the spring.
Day is celebrated on the 14th of August. Government and businesses are
closed and there are many street parties. During the day, there are
many concerts, parades, and parties. At night, there are usually
And now, practice:
Pakistan - Exercises
1. What does "border" mean?
a) lie next to
b) have the same government
c) have similar cultures
d) have the same population
2. What is an "ethnic group"?
a) a large group of people
b) a small group of people
c) a group of many different people
d) a group of people with the same traditions and religion
3. What is a "festival"?
a) a holiday
b) a large celebration
c) a kind of food
d) a kind of dress
1. Pakistan is located ________ the Indus Valley
2. Pakistan is one of ________ oldest countries
in ________ world.
3. Independence Day is celebrated ________ the 14th of August.
1. What is the official language of Pakistan?
2. What is the official religion of Pakistan?
3. When is Pakistani Independence Day?