The Complete List of
English Spelling Rules
7: Pronunciations of -ough
this series of lessons, you will learn useful spelling rules
This lesson talks about different ways to pronounce -ough
, which usually
comes at the end of English words. There are several different
ways, so we will learn words in groups.
a free worksheet + answer key.
The different pronunciation of -ough
in English can seem confusing at first, but you will remember words
more easily if you learn them in groups.
1. The first pronunciation of -ough
is with an "oh" sound, like in the word "go."
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For example, you must let the dough
rise before you put your bread in the oven.
In this word, the -ough
has an "oh" sound.
These words are pronounced the same way:
2. The second way to pronounce -ough is with an "ooh" sound, like in
the word "too."
A common word with this pronunciation is through
monster is coming through
The word throughout
which means regularly during a period of time, has the same
pronunciation of -ough
3. We can also pronounce -ough
For example, John does not feel well. He has a bad cough
and his throat hurts.
Another word with this pronunciation is trough
which is the container where a pig or another farm animal eats its food.
4. The fourth way to pronounce -ough is with an "aw" sound, like in the
word "law." This happens when a word ends in -ought
about the country to feel more relaxed.
Here are some more words pronounced this way:
5. We can also pronounce -ough
with an "ow" sound, like in the word "now."
Another word for a tree branch is bough
Two other words with this pronunciation are plough
Farmers use a plough
to make lines in the ground to plant seeds. Then they hope there is not
or a long time with no rain!
6. The sixth common way to pronounce -ough is with and "uff" sound,
like in the word "stuff."
That security guard looks very strong and tough
Here are some more words that are pronounced in the same way:
So, let's review what we have learned about how to pronounce -ough
- The first way is like "oh" in the words: dough, though, although, and thorough.
- The second way is like "ooh" in the words: through, and
- The third way is like "off" in the words: cough, and trough.
- The fourth way is like "aw" in the words: ought, thought, bought, brought, and fought.
- The fifth way is like "ow" in the words: bough, plough, and drought.
- The sixth way is like "uff" in the words: tough, rough, and enough.
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