How to Organize
When you're planning your
lessons, there are a lot of things to keep in mind. You know your
lesson must be focused on a specific topic and contain different kinds
of activities to keep it interesting.
How much time should you
spend on each activity? What should come first? How should you end your
class so that your students will remember all the new information
they've learned? Read these tips for some pointers and ideas on how to
organize an excellent English lesson.
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How should your lessons
be organized? There are
two main factors to keep in mind: time
course, the time for your English class is limited! You want to use
that time in the best possible way so that you can complete each
activity. It is important for the students to understand each topic
before you continue with the next one.
You also need to keep your classes interesting
doing different kinds of
. This helps your students practice different
skills and remember the new information by using it in different ways.
Let's imagine that we have one hour for our English class. How should
we organize that hour?
1. Greeting and review (5 minutes)
Whether you are working with just one student or a large class, it
is important to say hello! There are two main reasons for this:
- It will help your students feel comfortable in class
because they know you are interested in how they are doing.
- It gives your students a chance to speak in English and
practice very important skills.
Greetings are some of the most basic skills in English. You can
also ask your students what they did since you last saw them to
practice the simple past
tense, or what they
will do after class to practice the simple future
After you greet your students, ask them to summarize what you did
in your last class. What did they learn? What skills are you working on?
the topics on the board and have them create some examples. Now your
students are concentrated on English! What you do in each class is a
continuation of the previous class, so be sure to have a quick review
before you enter the main part of your lesson.
2. Introduction of new skills (20 minutes)
Now you and your students are comfortable and you know what you did in
your last class. Take a moment to explain to your students what you
will do today.
It is an excellent idea to write
a list of your activities on the board
(if you have one).
It can look something like this:
- Introduction and review
- New vocabulary explanation (topic)
- New vocabulary game
- Role play (or another activity)
In this example, we are working with vocabulary. Of course we can
introduce new grammar, speaking skills, reading skills, etc. This is
just an example!
You have used 5 minutes in your introduction. Now use the next 20
minutes to teach the new lesson.
give a clear, step-by-step explanation of the topic. Give lots of
examples and write them on the board. Check the students' understanding
by asking them questions and having them help you create examples.
3. Activation (25 minutes)
At this point, you and your students are ready for the most
important part of the class! In order to remember the new skills you
have just taught them, your students need to activate
means they must use the
should spend about 25 minutes on your activities. Try to incorporate
different kinds of activation exercises to keep your class fun and
Sometimes you can do writing exercises and
worksheets, especially for more difficult grammar lessons. But you
should try to keep your activities as fun and interactive as possible!
When your students enjoy what they are doing, they will remember the
Try to work with games
, role plays, competitions,
movement, or storytelling
There are endless possibilities! You should incorporate two or three
different activities in the activation section of your lesson. Choose
them according to the skill you are working on.
Try to get your students moving around the room once in a while. Try
one quieter activity, like a worksheet or a short story
, and one more dynamic
activity, like a role play
, during the same class.
Time will fly by as your students practice their new skills!
4. Wrap-up (5-10 minutes)
So, let's review. So far, we have divided our class this way:
- Greeting and review (5 minutes)
- Introduction of new skills (20 minutes)
- Activation (25 minutes)
So, we should have about 5 or 10 minutes left at the end of the class.
It is very important to keep
an eye on the clock
You don't want to spend your whole class explaining new information.
That will be less interesting for you and your students. Plus, if they
do not actively practice the new skills, they will not remember them
During the last few minutes, wrap up your class with a short review.
First, congratulate your
on their hard work. They have learned a lot and
been very active!
do a review similar to the one you did at the beginning of the class.
But this time, you are talking about the new information you just
covered. Refer back to your list. Ask your students to summarize what you did in class
they make examples of the new grammar or vocabulary skill? Can they
explain the new reading tips you worked on today? Whatever your lesson
was, your students should be able to explain it in their own words now
that they have practiced.
Organize your lessons this way, and your students will do great!