Learning English can be very hard sometimes because there are so many pairs of words that sound so much alike, but have totally different meanings. Well, sometimes there are sets of three or even four words that look and sound like each other. This lesson is about a set of four words: nowhere, somewhere, everywhere and anywhere.
It's very important to know what all of these words mean and when to use each one. They are all used very often by English speakers, and getting them mixed up can cause some serious confusion since each of the four words has its own separate meaning. They are all used to talk about places, but in different ways.
Let's go through the definitions and some helpful examples for each of these four words so that you can see when to use each one!
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The first word we will be going over is nowhere, which can be used both as an adverb and as a noun.
Nowhere refers to something or someone as not being in any place.
For example: I have nowhere to sit! (There is no place for me to sit.)
As a noun, nowhere means no place, or a place that is boring and where very few people live.
For example: They live in the middle of nowhere. (They live far away from other places.)
Let's go over some examples of nowhere in sentences to give you a better idea of its meaning and when you can use it.
The next word that we will learn about is somewhere, which is also an adverb and a noun like nowhere.
Somewhere as an adverb is used to talk about someone or something being in or going to some specific place.
It can also mean close to an amount or number. You can say "somewhere between" or "somewhere around".
For example: She left somewhere around 5 pm.
It costs somewhere between ten and twenty dollars.
When somewhere is used as a noun, it means some unidentified place, or a place that you do not mention specifically.
Now let's see some example sentences for somewhere.
The next word for you to know is everywhere, which is an adverb and a noun.
Everywhere is used to talk about being in or going to all places, rather than no place or some place, which is always only a single place.
Everywhere can also be used to describe things that are very common or found all places.
As a noun, everywhere means all places.
Let's take another look at some examples to get a better idea of how to use everywhere.
The last word in this lesson is anywhere, which can be either an adverb or a noun.
Like the first three words, anywhere is also used to talk about places. As an adverb, it means going to or being in any place, when it does not matter where.
For example: I could live anywhere.
(It doesn't matter where I live, and all places are possible.)
Anywhere can also be used like somewhere to describe a range and show its limits. It is usually followed by the word "from" or "between" in this case.
For example: This task can take anywhere from/between three to five hours to complete.
Another use for anywhere is to provide emphasis, by describing the huge amount of possible places where something could be or where someone could go.
When anywhere is a noun, it means any place.
One last set of examples so that you can see some ways to use anywhere.
Now that you have learned the differences between nowhere, somewhere, everywhere, and anywhere and have seen some examples of when and how to use each one, you should have no problem using them yourself!
It can be hard sometimes to remember which word is which, especially when there are four of them. If you are ever having trouble, you can use this trick to help yourself remember.
The four words all have the same ending, which can make them hard to tell apart, so all that you need to do is remember the beginnings of each, "no," "some," "every" and "any." Then, just replace "where" with "place" and you have your definition.
If you can remember to just look at the beginning of the word and then replace the ending with "place," you should have no problem knowing which is which!
Katie likes to go running for exercise. She runs to the store and to work and everywhere else to stay in good shape. She goes for a run somewhere in the woods near her house and finds a dog. He does not look like he has a home anywhere, so she takes him home with her. She thinks he is probably somewhere around three years old, but could be anywhere from two to five years old. Katie names the dog Spot and takes him for a run. Somewhere on their street they hear a cat meowing. They look around everywhere but it seems to be coming from nowhere.
Katie and Spot look up and see a cat in a tree. Katie asks all of the neighbors if it belongs to them, but its owner is nowhere to be found, and could be anywhere by now, so Katie decides to keep the cat as well. She wants to name it Fluffy, but there are cats named fluffy everywhere, so she calls it Mike instead. Everywhere Katie goes she takes Spot and Mike with her.
Katie's husband is sad because she does not take him anywhere, so they go somewhere nice for dinner without the pets who would have nowhere to sit in the crowded restaurant. Katie complains about her job, because she thinks it is going nowhere and wants to take a trip somewhere to relax. If she could go anywhere, she says, it would be somewhere with dinosaurs. Her husband says there is nowhere with dinosaurs because they are extinct everywhere.
Answer the following 12 questions and then check your answers. Each question is worth 10 points.
Part 1: 1. A | 2. C | 3. D | 4. B | 5. C | 6. DPart 2: 1. A | 2. A | 3. C | 4. D | 5. C | 6. B
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