Pre-determiners


Pre-determiners are words placed before English determiners in a sentence. They modify the determiner.

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Pre-determiners come before an article or other determiner and are used to give even more information about the noun that comes after.

To understand pre-determiners, you must first understand English determiners.

English determiners are words used to identify nouns. They tell us how much, how many, whose, and which one.

Examples:
  • Have you seen my dog?

  • Can I borrow that dress?pencil

  • I want to ride the horse.

  • Please hand me the other pencil.

  • She won the first race.

  • Colorado's mountains are beautiful!

  • I do not have enough paper.

  • She is their third daughter.

Pre-determiners come before determiners. Pre-determiners most commonly come before definite and indefinite articles a, an, or the.

Pre-determiners can be classified into four types as shown in the chart below.


Classification Examples
multipliers twice

five times

ten times
fractions half

one-third

one-eighth
intensifiers rather

such

quite

what
other all

both
  

Multipliers

Multipliers include words and phrases such as:

twice, three times, five times, ten times


This type of pre-determiner is used to express more than the specified amount.

Examples:
  • She makes twice my annual salary.man with hamburger

  • His hamburger is twice the size of mine.

  • I check my messages three times every day.

  • Mom calls me approximately five times a week.

  • Our group raised ten times the amount needed for the trip.

Fractions

Fractions include words such as:

one-third, half, three-fourths

This type of pre-determiner is used to express a fraction of an amount.

Examples:
  • Her bus will arrive in half an hour.

  • I ate one-third Sandy's cookies.

  • She uses three-fourths her monthly salary for rent and bills.

Intensifiers

Intensifiers include pre-determiners such as:

such, what, rather, quite

This type of pre-determiner expresses surprise, disappointment, pleasure, or other emotions.

Examples:

  • This turned out to be such a beautiful day! (I am very pleased by the day.)

  • You are such a disappointment. (I am disappointed and surprised by what you did.)

  • It was quite a nice surprise! (I was very surprised and happy.)

  • We had quite an experience when we were on vacation. (The experience was surprising and exciting.)

  • Your mother is rather a nice woman. (I am pleased by your mother.)

  • It is rather a small ring. (I am slightly disappointed by the sizelarge cat of the ring.

  • What an interesting idea! (I am surprised by your idea.)

  • What a large cat! (I am surprised by the size of the cat.) 

Other pre-determiners

There are a few pre-determiners that do not fall into the above categories. They include words such as:

all and both

These two pre-determiners are used to express an entire amount.

Examples:
  • Both of John's bike tires are flat.

  • He broke both his arms in the accident.

  • All her friends came to her graduation.

  • Did you read all those books?

man with books

These were the uses of Pre-determiners. Now that you know them, it is time to practice! Get our ESL Books.