different usages of this tense:
started in the past, and are still going on
Note: this is a broader use of this tense.
It is usually used with states, not actions.
Make sure you also read:Examples of Typical Time Expressions
(The verbs are
He has learned how to ride a horse.
He has fixed the light.
They have called 5 times already.
She has grown so much.
She has become such a good secretary.
He has never done it before.
She has broken the vase.
He has just seen the news.
He has already caught the ball.
She has bought some food for us.
He has lost his cloths.
He has been sick since Saturday.
He has had this motorbike for 5 years.
He has always liked him.
They have lived here for a long time.
|Before the present||Recently||Up to now|
|in the last week|