English Grammar Tips
We chose these English grammar
tips based on the written questions we get from teachers and students around the world.
Click Here for Step-by-Step Rules, Stories and Exercises to Practice All English Tenses
The following points are a summary of the most common mistakes
we see, and the way to correct them.
They are, however, by no means a
summary of ALL the English grammar mistakes.
That list is probably endless :)
So, let's start with the English grammar tips:
is the act of making specific letters capital.
are the capital letters in English:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X,
In which cases should you capitalize
(use capital letters)?
Here are three common cases where you should capitalize:
A) Capitalize the first letter of the first word of a complete sentence.
- Correct: He plays football.
- Incorrect: he plays
B) Capitalize the first letter of a proper noun
- Correct: Let's call Jane.
- Incorrect: Let's call jane.
C) Capitalize titles.
There are several rules on how to do it correctly.
Briefly speaking, you should always capitalize the first letter of the first
of the title.
Capitalize also the first letter of verbs
All the other words (such as a
Here are some
- Correct: Little Women by Louisa May
- Incorrect: Little women
Louisa May Alcott
- Correct: Alice's Adventures in
Wonderland by Lewis Carroll
- Incorrect: Alice's Adventures In Wonderland by
- Correct: The Count of Monte
Cristo by Alexandre Dumas
- Incorrect: the Count of
Monte Cristo by Alexandre Dumas
2. Writing two or three periods, instead of
In English, there are several ways to end a sentence.
A) Period ( .
It indicates the end of the statement.
They went home.
They went home
They went home .
They went home..
There should be only ONE period. There should be no spaces BEFORE it
a single space after it.
mark ( ? )
It indicates a question.
exclamation point ( ! )
Are you hungry?
- Incorrect: Are
you hungry ?
- Incorrect: Are
- Incorrect: Are
It indicates strong feelings or high volume (shouting).
Wow! We won!
- Incorrect: Wow
! We won !
- Incorrect: Wow!.
- Incorrect: Wow!!!!!!
D) Ellipsis ( ... )
It indicates an intentional omission
of words, a pause
speech, an unfinished
thought, or that the end of the sentence
leads to silence
- The email says, "... and you must return the
documents signed by the end of the month."
(Words were omitted before the beginning of the quote)
- Hmm... That's a good question.
(A pause in speech)
- I can't believe he could have...
(An unfinished thought)
- I guess it's too late now...
(The end of the sentence leads to silence)
ellipsis is probably one of the most overused punctuation marks. Take a
look at the following sentence. It is definitively an incorrect example
She entered the room... The room was big... Everybody was
3. Misusing the verb BE
is one of the most important and common verbs in the
English language. However, it does not need to be in every single
You can visit the link just above for the full, illustrated
explanation, but here is the quick summary:
A) The verb BE is used to show different states of being.
There is a cow in the room.
The party is on Friday night.
He is home.
I am Bob.
They are clever.
B) The verb BE is used as an auxiliary
verb (helping verb)
We are having lunch.
C) It is used to express the passive
They were hit by a car.
Where shouldn't you use the verb BE?
A) Don't use the verb BE if you already have a main
sentence, unless it's a progressive/passive sentence (where BE is an
I am a girl.
I met a girl.
I am met a girl.
I am reading a book.
I am read books.
I was given an apple.
I gave her an apple.
I was gave an apple.
These were some of the main things I personally encounter. I hope you
find these English grammar tips useful.
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