= a sound we make that is not a vowel. The breath is somehow blocked on
its way out of the mouth. For example, the sound b
is made when breath flow is stopped with the lips. All
letters which are not vowels are called consonants. These are: b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z.
a free worksheet + answer key.
Some verbs change their spelling
when "ing" is added to them.
When a verb ends with a consonant-vowel-consonant
and we put STRESS on this sound in speech, we double the last consonant.
Then we add ing.
In the following examples the consonant is in blue,
the vowel is in green,
and ing is
The STRESS is underlined.
runn + ing
stopp + ing
plann + ing
beginn + ing
But if we don't put STRESS on this sound in speech, then we
simply add ing.
open + ing
visit + ing
listen + ing
happen + ing
Verbs ending with "e"
When a verb ends with the letter e,
we first remove it, and then add ing.
In the following examples the letter e is in purple
and ing is
tak + ing
mak + ing
danc + ing
writ + ing
Verbs ending with "ie"
When a verb ends with the lettersie,
we change them into y
and add ing.
In the following examples the letters ie are in brown, the
letter y is
too, and ing
is in red.
ly + ing
dy + ing
So these were the spelling rules for adding "ing".