CH and J Sounds

CH: (China, century, watch)

J: (Germany, educate , judge )

English Pronunciation, Lesson 29

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In English, the CH and J sounds are often studied together because they are made in the same part of the mouth and pronounced in a similar way. In this lesson, we will learn how to make the voiceless CH sound (China, century) and the voiced J sound (Germany, jump).

Click Here for Step-by-Step Rules, Stories and Exercises to Practice All English Tenses

Click Here for Step-by-Step Rules, Stories and Exercises to Practice All Tenses

How to pronounce the CH and J sounds

The voiceless (unvoiced) CH sound (IPA symbol:) can be found in English words such as China, child, church, century, watch, and catch.

letter cletter h

The voiced J sound (IPA symbol: ) can be found in English words such as Germany, largejoy, educate, edge and judge.

letter j

Voiced and voiceless sounds

What are voiced and voiceless sounds? Let's review.

In the English language, we use many voiced sounds. That means that the vocal cords vibrate when you say that sound. The J sound is a voiced sound because you use your voice to make the sound.

The CH sound is a voiceless or unvoiced sound because the vocal cords do not vibrate when you make the sound. Instead, you release air out of your mouth to make the sound.

To make the CH and J sounds, air is stopped from leaving your mouth for a short time. The tip of the your tongue presses against the back of your top teeth to stop air from leaving your mouth. The sides of your tongue press against the sides of your upper teeth.

You make the CH sound by releasing the stopped air through your teeth. It is similar to the way the T sound is made, but your tongue is further back on the top tooth ridge.

You make the J sound by releasing the air and voicing the sound. It is similar to the way the D sound is made.

Watch this short video from Rachel's English to see how to make the CH sound and the J sound:

Have you watched the video? Good! Now, let's practice these two sounds!

Let's practice!

Practice the voiceless CH sound

Practice the voiceless CH sound by saying these words aloud. Remember that the CH sound is not voiced. Your vocal cords do not vibrate when you make this sound. Make sure you are only using air to make the sound.

There are three spellings for the CH soundchtch, and t (+u).

Let's practice these three spellings of this sound!

ch spelling

This is the most common way to spell the CH sound. Ch always makes the CH sound.
  • China

  • Chinese

  • chip

  • chat

  • church

  • pinch

  • touch

  • teach

  • teacher

tch spelling
  • catch

  • watch

  • batch

  • itch

  • kitchen

  • witch

t (+u) spelling
  • century

  • spatula
In these words, the CH sound is spelled with the letter T followed by a U. This is not a very common spelling of the CH sound, but it is important to know it exists. Most words with the tu spelling, are pronounced with a regular t sound (examples: turn, turkey).
    You don't have to memorize every pronunciation rule. You can use a dictionary or online pronunciation guide to learn the correct pronunciation of each new word.

    Practice the voiced J sound

    Now, let's practice the voiced J sound. Remember to use air and your voice to make this sound.

    There are four spellings of the J soundgdgj, and d (+u).

    Let's practice each spelling.

    g spelling

    When the letter G is followed by an E or an I, it is sometimes pronounced as a J sound.

    The g (+i) spelling is often (but not always) pronounced as a hard G sound (examples: girl, gift, give). Here are a few words that are pronunced with the J sound:
    • giant

    • imagine

    • apologize

    • giraffe

    The g (+e) spelling is usually pronounced as a J sound like in these words:
    • Germany

    • German

    • large

    • charge

    • ageman talking

    • gentle

    dg spelling
    • fudge

    • budge

    • bridge

    • judge

    j spelling
    • judge

    • jump

    • joy
    • joke

    • eject

    • July

    • June

    d (+u) spelling

    When the letter D is followed by the letter U, it is sometimes pronounced as a J sound like in these words:
    • educate

    • schedule

    • procedure

    • graduate

    • individual

    Most words with a du spelling are pronounced with a regular D sound.

    • during

    • reduce

    • dust

    Remember, you can always use a dictionary or online pronunciation guide to learn the correct pronunciation of each new word.

    Finally, practice the sounds side-by-side

    Remember to voice the J sound and use only air for the CH sound!

    CH J
    China Germany
    child jump
    batch age
    watch bridge
    church judge
    century educate

    Now say these sentences out loud.

    The CH sounds are in blue. The J sounds are in green:

    1) Teach the children at the church.

    2) The spatula is in the kitchen.

    3) We eat cheese and chips on a china plate.

    4) The gentle giant jumped for joy!

    5) I enjoy eating jam and jelly.

    6) The gentleman from Germany had a procedure in June.

    7) In July, I will educate the cheerful child in Chinese and German.

    8) Just apologize to the teacher for touching the giraffe.

    9) The joyful judge ate fudge in the kitchen.

    10) Imagine a giant, gentle witch with an itch.

    Have you finished this lesson? If you want to review this lesson, you can return to the top of the page. Keep practicing the words and sentences to master these sounds.


    Let's move on...

    List of Lessons

    Lesson 01: International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)

    Lesson 02: Word Stress and Syllables

    Lesson 03: Long E sound (meet, see)

    Lesson 04: Short I Sound (sit, hit)

    Lesson 05: UH Sound (put, foot)

    Lesson 06: OO Sound (moon, blue)

    Lesson 07: Short E sound (pen, bed)

    Lesson 08: Schwa Sound (the, about)

    Lesson 09: UR Sound (turn, learn)

    Lesson 10: OH Sound (four, store)

    Lesson 11: Short A Sound (cat, fat)

    Lesson 12: UH Sound (but, luck)

    Lesson 13: Soft A Sound (arm, father)

    Lesson 14: Long O Sound (boat, know)

    Lesson 15: Long A Sound (say, pain, make)

    Lesson 16: Short O Sound (not, off, socks)

    Lesson 17: Diphthong (a combination of two vowel sounds)

    Lesson 18: P Sound (cup, punch, pull) and B sound (cub, bunch, bull)

    Lesson 19: The Nasal Sounds (M, N, NG)

    Lesson 20: F Sound (four, lift, graph, tough) and V Sound (love, knives, grave, vine)

    Lesson 21: W Sound (wow, quit, where)

    Lesson 22: R Sound (red, sorry, write)

    Lesson 23: H Sound (he, behind, who)

    Lesson 24: T Sound (top, it, later) and D Sound (do, had, made)

    Lesson 25: S Sound (sit, box, cats) and Z Sound (zip, buzz, boys)

    Lesson 26: K Sound (kid, talk, black) and G Sound (go, big, dog)

    Lesson 27: L Sound: Light L & Dark L (tall, like, English)

    Lesson 28: Y Consonant Sound (yes, you, beyond)

    Lesson 29: CH Sound (China, century, watch) and J Sound (Germany, educate , judge)

    Lesson 30: TH Consonant Sounds – voiced TH sound (the, father, them) and voiceless (unvoiced) TH sound (think, birthday, south)

    Lesson 31: SH (shop, chef, special) and ZH (usual, massage, Asia)

    Lesson 32: T and TT Sounds (true T sound, D sound, stop sound, silent T)

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