Verbos principales, verbos auxiliares y
verbos compuestos


Las oraciones en inglés pueden contener verbos principales, verbos auxiliares y verbos compuestos.

Click Here for Step-by-Step Rules, Stories and Exercises to Practice All English Tenses

Click Here for Step-by-Step Rules, Stories and Exercises to Practice All Tenses


Vamos a repasar cada grupo.

Verbos auxiliares

Los verbos auxiliares son verbos que se usan con otro verbo (llamado el verbo principal de la oración) para expresar la acción o el estado.

verbo principal + verbo auxiliar = idea completa

Los verbos auxiliares más comunes son:
be, am, is, are, was, were, do, did, have, has, had.

Are singing
(Están cantando)
Están cantando

El verbo principal es "singing."
El verbo auxiliar es "are."

Oraciones con ejemplos (el verbo auxiliar está en negrita y el verbo principal está subrayado):
  • They are jogging.
    (Están corriendo.)

  • She was sitting.
    (Estaba sentada.)

  • We were waiting for hours.
    (Estuvimos esperando durante horas.)

  • Is she sleeping?
    (¿No está durmiendo?)

  • He didn't know the answer.
    (No sabía la respuesta.)

  • We have gone a long way.
    (Hemos ido muy lejos.)

  • Has she received any of my letters?
    (¿Ha recibido alguna de mis cartas?)

  • Do you smoke?
    (¿Fumas?)

  • Will she help?
    (¿Ayudará?)

Haz clic aquí para aprender más sobre los verbos auxiliares.


Verbos compuestos

verbo compuesto = verbo auxiliar + verbo principal.

Ejemplos:
was playing, has eaten, doesn't want.
(estaba jugando, ha comido, no quiere)
She will fall.
(Ella caerá.)
Ella caerá.

"Will fall" es un verbo compuesto.

Oraciones con ejemplos:
  • They were discussing their future.
    (Estaban hablando de su futuro.)

  • He didn't tell us the truth.
    (No nos contó la verdad.)

  • I have finished my homework.
    (He terminado mi tarea.)

  • She will meet us there.
    (Nos verá allí.)

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