English Reading Practice
China is a country in Asia. It is the fourth largest country in the
world. More than 1 billion people live in China. That means that it has
the largest population in the world. "Population" is the number of
people that live in one place. China has a rich culture and history
that is interesting to learn about.
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History of China
is over 5000 years old. In the beginning, there were many tribes that
lived in China. A "tribe" is a small group of people who live together
and speak the same language.
The tribes were brought together
to live under one country in the 21st century BC. This is when China
began to be ruled by one government.
From the 21st century BC
until 1911, China was ruled by different dynasties. A "dynasty" is a
family that rules a country for many years. The Xia dynasty was the
first ruling family. Other dynasties have been the Han, Yuan, Ming, and
Today, China is a Communist country. This is a kind of
government in which the state controls all the producing
is ruled by a President, Vice President, and Premier, who is like a
Prime Minister. It is involved in many international organizations.
Modern China is one of the fastest growing countries in the world.
Geography of China
is a very large country that has many different kinds of landscapes. In
China, you can find hot weather in the south and cold weather in the
There is a large desert in the west, called the Gobi
desert, and three seas in the east. There are three major rivers in
China. All over the country, you can find mountains and hills. The
Himalaya mountains, the world's tallest mountains, cross the southern
part of China.
Arts of China
China is famous for its
beautiful and carefully made art work. Much of the art work made in
China today is made in the same way it was made hundreds of years ago.
China is especially famous for three kinds of art work: porcelain,
painting, and jade.
is a kind of ceramic material that is used to make bowls, plates, and
statues. Chinese porcelain is very delicate and beautiful. It is often
hand painted to show pictures of China and Chinese traditions.
is an ancient tradition in China. Chinese painters used brushes and ink
and painted on paper and silk. Paintings usually showed people,
animals, birds, or landscapes of China.
is a green stone that the Chinese believed to have magical powers. It
was carved (cut with a knife to make pictures) and made into jewelry,
sculptures, and decorations. Often the pictures were of animals such as
birds, turtles, and fish.
China is a large and beautiful country
that has given a lot to the world. Chinese arts and traditions have
been passed along to other countries for hundreds of years through
trade and immigration. This continues today.
And now, practice:
China - Exercises
1. What does "population" mean?
a) the size of the country
b) the richness of the history
c) the number of people
d) the kinds of landscapes
2. What is a "dynasty"?
a) a tribe
b) a mountain range
c) a kind of art
d) a kind of government
3. What is "porcelain"?
a) a person
b) a kind of government
c) a kind of art with ceramic material
d) a kind of landscape
1. China ________ a rich culture and history that is
interesting to learn about.
c) had been
d) had been going to
2. China ________ ruled by different
d) is going to be
3. The Himalaya mountains ________ the southern part of China.
c) had crossed
d) were crossing
1. How old is China?
2. How many rivers does China have?
3. What color is jade?