English Reading Practice
Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia. It borders
Thailand and is surrounded by the sea.
Malaysia became an independent country in 1963 after being ruled by
Great Britain for many years. It has a very strong economy that
includes tourism and trade.
Because of its location in the South Pacific ocean, the climate of
Malaysia is tropical. This means that is is very hot and humid. "Humid"
is when there is a lot of water in the air. Also, the
does not change much throughout the year.
Malaysia's climate makes it a wonderful place for many plants and
animals to live. In fact, Malaysia is one of the world's most diverse
ecosystems. "Diverse" means has many different parts. "Ecosystem" means
a place where plants and animals live. Many of the plants and animals
that live in Malaysia can only be found there.
Biodiversity in Malaysia
"Biodiversity" means that a large number of different kinds of
animals and plants exist together.
In 2001, Malaysia was ranked as one of the top 12 diverse countries in
the world in terms of biology (plants and animals). It is believed that
over 170,000 different kinds of plants and animals live in Malaysia. In
fact, scientists think that nearly 20% of the world's animals live in
Some of the animals that live in Malaysia are mammals (animals that
give birth to live babies not eggs), birds, frogs, lizards, snakes, and
insects. Malaysia is home to tigers, elephants, rhinos, turtles, and
many different kinds of monkeys including Orangutans.
Some of these animals live in the
mountains of Malaysia and some live in the forests. Because Malaysia
has different landscapes, many different kinds of animals with
different food and housing needs can live there.
In addition to animals, some of the world's most exotic plants live in
Malaysia. "Exotic" means rare or hard to find. Most of Malaysia is
forest so many different kinds of trees can be found there. Scientists
believe that over 2000 different kinds of trees grow in Malaysia. Also,
over 8500 different kinds of plants can be found in Malaysia. Like with
the animals, many of these trees and plants are only found in the
Malaysian forests and mountains.
Being a home to so many different kinds of animals and, especially,
plants is not only interesting but is also very important for the
world. Many medicines are made from plants. For example, many medicines
used to to prevent or help cure certain kinds of cancer are made from
plants. The plants that these medicines are made from come from all
over the world. Many come from the forests of Malaysia.
And now, practice:
Malaysia - Exercises
1. What does "humid" mean?
a) dry air
b) wet air
c) heavy air
d) light air
2. What does "biology" mean?
a) plants and animals
d) mountains and forests
3. What does "exotic" mean?
1. Malaysia is _________ country in Southeast Asia.
2. Malaysia _________ an independent country in 1963.
c) had become
d) will become
3. In Malaysia _________ are many different kinds of plants.
1. What kinds of animals live in Malaysia?
2. How many different kinds of plants live in Malaysia?
3. Why are scientists and doctors so interested in the plants in